POMDP-based online target detection and recognition for autonomous UAVs

Abstract : This paper presents a target detection and recognition mission by an autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicule (UAV), modeled as a Partially Observable Markov Decision Process (POMDP). The POMDP model deals in a single framework with both perception actions (controlling the camera's view angle), and mission actions (moving between zones and flight levels, landing) needed to achieve the goal of the mission, i.e. landing in a zone containing a car whose model is recognized as a desired target model with sufficient belief. We explain how we automatically learned the probabilistic observation POMDP model from statistical analysis of the image processing algorithm used on-board the UAV to analyze objects in the scene. We also present our "optimize-while-execute" framework, which drives a POMDP sub-planner to optimize and execute the POMDP policy in parallel under action duration constraints, reasoning about the future possible execution states of the robotic system. Finally, we present experimental results, which demonstrate that Artificial Intelligence techniques like POMDP planning can be successfully applied in order to automatically control perception and mission actions hand-in-hand for complex time-constrained UAV missions.
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Communication dans un congrès
Seventh Conference on Prestigious Applications of Intelligent Systems (PAIS-12), Aug 2012, MONTPELLIER, France
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Caroline Carvalho Chanel, F. Teichteil-Königsbuch, C. Lesire. POMDP-based online target detection and recognition for autonomous UAVs. Seventh Conference on Prestigious Applications of Intelligent Systems (PAIS-12), Aug 2012, MONTPELLIER, France. 〈hal-01060444〉

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